- The Classic Period - The Christian Empire - The Middle Ages - The Renaissance - The Jewish Ghetto - Late 19th-Early 20th Century - Rome During World War II - Rome Today - Jewish Tourist Sites - Former Jewish Cemetery of Rome - Jewish Museum of Rome The Jewish community in Rome is known to be the oldest Jewish community in Europe and also one the oldest continuous Jewish settlements in the world, dating back to 161 B. Other delegations were sent by the Hasmonean rulers in 150 and 139 B. Julius Caesar, for example, was known to be a friend of the Jews; he allowed them to settle anywhere in the Roman Empire. The second exile occurred because of disturbances caused by the rise of Christianity. when Jason ben Eleazar and Eupolemus ben Johanan came as envoys of Judah Maccabee. While the treatment of Jews by the Romans in Palestine was often harsh, relations with the rulers in Rome were generally much better. The first exile took place due to the defrauding of an aristocratic Roman woman Fulvia, who had been attracted to Judaism.He favored a succession of Jewish physicians and recognized the rights of Jews as citizens.On the other hand, Eugenius IV (1431-47) passed anti-Jewish legislation in the Council of Constance.They were not allowed to study in higher education institutions or become lawyers, pharmacists, painters, politicians, notaries or architects.Jewish doctors were only allowed to treat Jewish patients.More than 4,700 Jews lived in the seven-acre Roman Jewish ghetto that was built in the Travestere section of the city (which still remains a Jewish neighborhood to this day) If any Jews wanted to rent houses or businesses outside the ghetto boundaries, permission was needed from the Cardinal Vicar.Jews could not own any property outside the ghetto.
Most of the imperial laws dealing with the Jews since the days of Constantine are found in the Latin Codex Theodosianius (438) and in the Latin and Greek code of Justinian (534).
Unfortunately, none of those synagogues have been preserved.
The Jewish position in Rome began to deteriorate during the reign of Constantine the Great (306-336), who enacted laws limiting the rights of Jews as citizens.
Two synagogues were founded by slaves who had been freed by Augustus (14 C. A number of the oldest Jewish Roman families trace their ancestry in the city to this period. In 212, Caracella granted the Jews the privilege of becoming Roman citizens. E., the Roman Jewish community became firmly established.
A majority of the community were shopkeepers, craftsman and peddlers, but other Jews became poets, physicians and actors.
The Jews of Rome fully participated in the flourishing economic and intellectual climate of the Renaissance.